A concise description of the history, classification, cytology, and botany of potato is presented. The effects of the environment on the morphology, physiology, and development of the potato plant and the adverse effects of high temperatures, drought, and salinity on growth, tuber development, and tuber quality are described. Tuber dormancy and its control in association with storage and with 'seed' tubers' vigor are discussed. Principles of crop production, storage, and tuber quality are presented. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.