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Plant Sciences and Genetics
in Agriculture
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Cohen, I. ; Netzer, Y. ; Sthein, I. ; Gilichinsky, M. ; Tel-Or, E. Plant growth regulators improve drought tolerance, reduce growth and evapotranspiration in deficit irrigated Zoysia japonica under field conditions. Plant Growth Regulation 2019. Publisher's VersionAbstract
As water becomes a limited and costly resource, water conservation practices in turf grass management will become a necessity. Deficit irrigation (DI) is a common agricultural practice that enables reduction of water expense with minor yield loss. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) restrict plant growth and consequently affect evapotranspiration (ET) rate, soil water depletion and plant tolerance to drought. Our studies evaluated the physiological effects of the PGRs paclobutrazol (Pac) and uniconazole (Uni) in the warm weather turf grass Zoysia japonica under DI in field conditions. Our studies demonstrated that Pac and Uni reduced plant ET rate in greenhouse and field experiments. Uni, was more potent at a low concentration (25 mg L −1 ) than Pac, with greater effect on reducing ET rates, plant vertical growth and biomass accumulation while enhancing tissue chlorophyll content. Under field conditions, both Pac and Uni lowered ET and clipping biomass and raised chlorophyll levels at DI. Additionally, results suggested that Uni increased leaf concentration of abscisic acid (ABA). We conclude that PGR application to the Zoysia turf grass simultaneously improved the clipping management and lowered turf grass water requirement, while maintaining high leaf appearance under deficit irrigation conditions. © 2019, Springer Nature B.V.
Carmel, N. ; Tel-Or, E. ; Chen, Y. ; Pick, U. Iron uptake mechanism in the chrysophyte microalga Dinobryon. Journal of Plant Physiology 2014, 171, 993-997. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The mechanism of iron uptake in the chrysophyte microalga Dinobryon was studied. Previous studies have shown that iron is the dominant limiting elements for growth of Dinobryon in the Eshkol reservoir in northern Israel, which control its burst of bloom. It is demonstrated that Dinobryon has a light-stimulated ferrireductase activity, which is sensitive to the photosynthetic electron transport inhibitor DCMU and to the uncoupler CCCP. Iron uptake is also light-dependent, is inhibited by DCMU and by CCCP and also by the ferrous iron chelator BPDS. These results suggest that ferric iron reduction by ferrireductase is involved in iron uptake in Dinobryon and that photosynthesis provides the major reducing power to energize iron acquisition. Iron deprivation does not enhance but rather inhibits iron uptake contrary to observations in other algae. © 2014 Elsevier GmbH.